Whether as a delicious snack for in between, as a sauce with ice cream or desserts or as a cake topping. cherries are always a sweet treat.
Cherries belong to the stone fruit and are roughly divided into 2 types:
- Sweet cherries (heart cherries, cartilage cherries, lapins, etc.)
- Sour cherries (morello cherries, gerema, etc.)
The varieties differed in their appearance as well as in their taste.
Regardless of whether you harvest cherries yourself or buy them at the market, the stems should always remain on the cherries,otherwise they will “bleed” and spoil quickly.
The colors range from dark red and black to light red to yellow or yellow-red.
The cherries originally come from the Caucasus and come from the wild-growing bird cherry. The sweet fruits came to Europe around 2000 years ago.
The cultivation of cherries takes place mainly in the temperate climate zone. Around three quarters of world production comes from Europe, the most important growing countries being Italy, France and Germany.
Each type of cherry ripens at different times. The earliest cherries can be picked in May and the latest are not ripe until the end of August.
Sour cherries have a rather sour taste fresh, which is why they are usually only used in further processed form.
Sweet cherries have an extremely fruity and sweet taste and are the perfect refreshment in summer.
Storage / shelf life
Before cherries are given for storage, they should be examined carefully for rotten spots or cracks, because the small fruits quickly start to mold and then “infect” the other cherries very quickly.
Cherries should only be kept at room temperature if they are consumed within 1-2 days, as they then spoil quickly.
Cherries can keep for up to 1 week in the refrigerator.
Use in the kitchen
First, the cherries are washed and carefully dried.
For stoning a cherry Stoner may be used or halve the cherries with a knife and detach the cores.
Info: If you eat the cherries fresh, you can save yourself the stone and simply spit out the stone again.
Which cherries are used for what depends on personal taste? However, one can roughly say:
Sweet cherries are best to eat raw, or to use in fruit salads, ice cream, creams or jellies.
Sour cherries are best used to bake cakes, pies or to make jam, chutneys or in cocktails.
Nutritional value / active ingredients
- Cherries contain many vitamins and numerous minerals, such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and iron.
- The trace element zinc, which is also contained, can have a positive effect on hormone metabolism.
- Cherries also have anti-inflammatory effects and can build up connective tissue.
- With their high proportion of antioxidants, they protect our skin from aging processes.
- The small fruits have a draining effect.
- Our cells are protected by the anthocyanin’s.
Info: 100 grams of cherries have between 50 and 65 kilocalories, depending on the variety, only 0.3 grams of fat and around 10-15 carbohydrates.