Due to the high starch content, the sweet potato brings a unique, sweet taste to our plates. If consumed regularly, their effects on our health are terrific, as the sweet potato has many important nutrients and vital substances in large quantities.
If you want to eat healthily, you should eat a lot of vegetables, among other things. Exotic vegetables are becoming increasingly popular. Including the sweet potato from South America. While it has been a staple food there for a long time, it began its triumphant advance in the form of fries and chips in this country only late, but now it has become an integral part of the menu in Europe and is even available in discounters.
The home of the sweet potato is in South America, where it is known as “batata”. Although it was imported by Christopher Columbus as early as the 16th century as part of his voyages of discovery to Europe, while the population very quickly adopted the conventional potato as a new staple food, it remained skeptical of the sweet potato. Today, however, the undisputed leader in sweet potato cultivation is the Asian giant China with an incredible production of around 120 million tons annually.
Are Sweet Potatoes Really Potatoes? Although the name suggests a direct relationship between the two tubers, the sweet potato has little in common with the potato we know in botanical terms, because in contrast to the potato, which belongs to the nightshade family, the South American variant is so-called variant Bindweed. Nevertheless, the two types of vegetables are visually similar and both grow underground. But that’s where the similarities end.
The great thing is that it’s sweet potato season all year round . The tuber does not need a special season to grow and thrive, so it can be found all year round in the markets or in the supermarket.
There is a clear difference, especially when it comes to taste, because, as the name suggests, sweet potatoes do indeed taste sweet thanks to their high starch content. Another special feature: the color of the skin varies depending on the variety – all nuances are represented from yellow to orange-red to deep red. The sweet potato recipes can be boiled, fried, baked or deep-fried.
Use in the kitchen
In contrast to potatoes, sweet potatoes actually taste typically sweet and are reminiscent of a mix between floury potatoes, carrots and pumpkin. However, so that they do not lose their aroma, it is essential to ensure that they are stored in a dry and cool place and that the tuber is prepared within 1-2 weeks if possible. Sweet potatoes don’t even have to be boiled; they can also be enjoyed raw, for example in a salad.
Storage / shelf life
Because the water content is too high, the sweet potato cannot be stored for too long. Therefore, be careful not to buy too large quantities when shopping. Always store the sweet potatoes in a cool, dry and dark place. It should be used up within a week or two. You can also keep it in the vegetable drawer in the fridge, but it doesn’t feel as comfortable there as it does in a cellar. As a reserve, the sweet potato can of course also be cut into slices, pre-cooked or made solid in jars.
Nutritional value / active ingredients
The sweet potato can boast not only with its taste, but also with its nutritional values and ingredients. Although they contain a relatively high number of calories, they hardly contain any fat, which is why they are a good alternative for figure-conscious people. Their secondary plant substances such as carotenoids and anthocyanin’s protect our cells as so-called antioxidants from free radicals. It also contains many natural minerals such as potassium, calcium and zinc. Due to the filling fiber, sweet potatoes can also ensure a well-functioning digestion and many long-chain carbohydrates keep you full for a long time. A big plus point for pregnant women: The high proportion of natural folic acid.
The average sweet potato contains the following nutritional values per 100g:
- 86 calories
- 55 mg sodium
- 337 mg potassium
- 25 mg magnesium
- 1.6 g protein
- 2.4 mg vitamin C
- 0.2 mg vitamin B6
- 30 mg calcium
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