Milk plays an important role not only in feeding babies and animals. In the kitchen, it is an important supplier of energy and is required for the production of numerous dairy products such as curd cheese, yoghurt, …
Where does our milk come from?
As a food, our USA milk mostly comes from the cow, but sheep, goats and mares also provide the nutrient-rich emulsion.
Store milk correctly?
Milk is best stored in a cool place between 4 and 8 ° C and best in a bottle.
How long can milk be kept?
Sterilized milk has the longest shelf life: unopened and at room temperature, it goes off after around 6 months, but without tasting sour.
As soon as the pack or bottle is opened, our traditionally produced fresh milk can be enjoyed without restriction for about another 5 days.
Info: If there is a best-before date instead of a use-by date, you can safely exceed it by a few days.
How do I know if the milk is bad / has expired?
A sour taste and smell is a pretty sure sign that the fresh milk is spoiled.
Even if the milk looks watered down and there are lumps of fat floating in it, it can be assumed that it is spoiled.
Info: But not all milk is acidic, which is why it is advisable to use the use-by date rather than tip the scales for ultra-high-temperature milk.
Can I still use sour milk?
Discard is not the only solution when the milk in cooling turned sour is. Lactic acid bacteria have a corrosive effect, which in the past led to products such as sour milk or old recipes such as sto soup.
Milk spoiled in a warm place belongs in the sink, but milk made sour by cooling, adding vinegar or lemon juice can be processed into wonderful dishes.
What types of milk are there?
Only the white color is the same for all types of milk. Otherwise they differ according to fat content, heat treatment and of course animal.
Below is a brief distinction regarding cow’s milk:
- Raw milk “straight from the cow” with natural bacterial flora is never heat-treated above 40 ° C during production, but is filtered and contains roughly the same amount of fat as whole milk (3.5%).
- Whole milk (3.8% fat) and skimmed milk (1.5% fat) are pasteurized, making them durable and low in germs.
- In UHT milk (long-life milk) whether high-fat or lean, it always is a homogenized, digestible and more than 135 ° C ultra-high temperature product.
What happens when the milk is pasteurized?
During pasteurization, the raw milk is heated to a maximum temperature of 90-100 ° C. This ensures fewer germs and better shelf life and – in contrast to sterilized milk – has hardly any disadvantages in terms of nutritional value, consistency and taste.
Milk for histamine intolerance?
For people with severe histamine intolerance, it can be helpful to avoid certain dairy products. These include sour milk, sour cream, yogurt or Parmesan.
If, on the other hand, the body is only slightly overloaded with the protein histamine, you do not have to completely do without milk.
Other substitutes for animal milk are:
- Oat milk
- Rice milk
- soy milk
- Spelled milk
- Almond milk
- Hazelnut milk
- Macadamia milk
- Coconut milk
How does milk not boil over?
In a simmer pot (= double-walled pot for gentle heating), milk can be boiled for hours in a water bath without it boiling over.
Industrially manufactured balls that are placed in the cold milk are also considered effective, delaying the rise in temperature at the bottom of the pot.
How does milk not burn?
Milk cannot burn so easily in a Teflon-coated pot, it is guaranteed never to burn in the microwave, but there is a risk of boiling over.
In addition, there is an old household remedy: First a shot of water in the pot, then the milk – and sometimes tricky people help themselves with so-called porcelain tongues or rattle stones, which rattle audibly when the pot is overheated.
Those who love milk foam are usually demanding. It should be dense and stable, creamy and voluminous.
This is how it’s done:
- Hold the milk frother in the liquid at an angle
- Rotate slowly until the first bubbles form
- Finally, keep the frother stable until the milk foam solidifies
When can babies start drinking cow’s milk?
A little caution applies to babies. Midwives and baby nurses often recommend not switching from baby milk to whole cow milk until they are 16 months old and slowly getting them used to the excess protein.
How many calories does milk have?
Depending on how much fat the milk contains the number of calories increases or decreases. All other nutrients such as protein, sodium or potassium do not affect the energy value.
Here are some examples:
100 ml whole milk contains 3 g protein, 5 g carbohydrates and 3.5 – 4 g fat: 64 kcal / 269 kj
100 ml low-fat milk contains 3 g protein, 5 g carbohydrates and 1.5-1.8 g fat: 46 kcal / 203 kj
100 ml skimmed milk contains 3 g protein, 5 g carbohydrates and 0.1-0.5 g fat: 36 kcal / 151 kj
Is Milk Really That Healthy?
Healthy or unhealthy, life-prolonging or disease-causing – this is the subject of much discussion among experts. The fact is that there are a large number of types of milk on the market today, which differ greatly in their nutritional richness.
Our domestic whole milk is praised for its content of vitamins A, D, E and K in milk fat, and exotic products such as almond milk are advertised as “miracle cures” for the skin thanks to their magnesium richness.
It is difficult to say anything generally valid about added health benefits for the organism – but when consumed in moderation instead of in bulk, well stored and properly prepared, milk ensures health and vitality.