Who does not know them, the delicious pineapple slices on the rim of cocktail glasses! Pineapples are the fruity refreshment in summer, but they also look good on summer cakes and fruit cakes when cut into small pieces.
Pineapples are oval fruits that weigh up to 4 kg, have a diameter of up to 15 cm and are up to 20 cm long.
From the outside, the pineapple looks a bit like a giant pine cone, which is where the English name “pineapple ” comes from. The fruit has a yellow pulp and impresses with its extremely sweet taste.
There are more than 100 different types of pineapple worldwide – the yellow pineapple that we sell most is because it can be stored for a long time.
The pineapple diet was very popular in the mid-1990s. Today, however, we know that this diet is very one-sided, does not increase fat burning and the yo-yo effect is practically inevitable.
The pineapple was first grown in Paraguay and Brazil.
Today one of the most important growing areas is located in Hawaii – around a third of the total production comes from here. But Kenya, the Ivory Coast, the Philippines, the Azores and Thailand are also important pineapple suppliers.
Due to the diversity of the growing areas, pineapples can be delivered all year round.
A ripe fruit gives off an intense, exotic scent. They can also be recognized by the consistency of the pulp:
- If you press on it with your finger, it should give way slightly.
- If it is completely hard, the pineapple is not yet ripe and should not be bought because pineapples do not ripen at home.
- However, if the flesh gives too much, the fruit is overripe.
A healthy, ripe fruit can also be recognized by its dark green, juicy leaves that can be easily removed from the forelock.
How a pineapple tastes depends on when it is harvested. In Kenya, pineapples are only harvested when they are really ripe and transported to our latitudes by plane; one speaks of flying pineapple . They are particularly sweet, but also a little more expensive.
Even baby pineapples have a similar degree of sweetness.
Other pineapples are harvested before they are ripe so that they can be shipped to Austrian supermarkets. They still ripen on the voyage, but sugar production ends when they are harvested. Therefore, these pineapples are not as sweet as flying pineapples.
Use in the kitchen
In order to process a pineapple further, it must first be freed from the prickly skin and the hard stalk in the middle:
- To do this, cut off a thick slice at the end of the pineapple, place it on the cut and remove the remaining peel and leaves vertically.
- Then you quarter the fruit and can then easily remove the woody center.
- If you need slices, you can remove the shell in the same way, but then you have to cut slices and remove the woody center from each slice separately.
Info: If the stalk is not too woody, you can also eat it – it contains most of the nutrients and a lot of brome lain (= is also contained in the stomach and breaks down animal protein from, for example, meat and milk protein).
Due to their sweet and exotic taste, pineapples are ideal for:
- Relishes (= puree made from marinated fruit or vegetables)
- Fruit salads
- And many more.
In Asian recipes they often provide a sweet touch.
Info: Pineapples are not suitable for dishes with dairy products or gelatine, as the bromelin contained in the fruit triggers the coagulation of the milk and impairs or prevents the effect of gelatine.
Info: Especially in Asian and Caribbean dishes, the pineapple is also used to sweeten hearty dishes.
Storage / shelf life
The most gentle way of storing pineapples is to hang them up by their stems. A ripe fruit will last about 2-3 days if kept at room temperature.
If you want to extend the shelf life a little, you can pack the pineapple in a foil with holes. Then a pineapple can stay fresh for up to 5 days.
Once a pineapple has been cut, the cut surface should be sealed with cling film and stored in the refrigerator.
Tip: some time before consumption, it should be taken out of the refrigerator so that the aroma can develop.
Info: 100 grams of pineapple have just 55 kilocalories, almost no fat and around 13 carbohydrates.
Nutritional value / active ingredients
- The pineapple is an important supplier of vitamin C, which also contains vitamins B1 and B6, iodine, selenium and potassium.
- The pineapple is said to have a fat-reducing effect.
- It can also help keep the body drained.
- They can prevent hardening of the arteries and support the body in building muscles.
- Regular consumption of pineapple also strengthens the immune system.
- The bromelain found in the fruit also helps with constipation.
- The bromelain  it contains is also a good expectorant for colds.
- Especially in winter, pineapple can lift the mood due to the serotonin formation.