When you eat something that contains carbohydrates, your blood sugar rises. A healthy body can lower that level by itself by producing insulin. But with diabetes this does not work well, or at all. In the beginning this gives seemingly harmless complaints such as thirst and fatigue. But if you keep walking around with high blood sugars for a long time, organs such as the brain and heart and blood vessels can be damaged. You are also more likely to get infections. With a seriously elevated blood sugar level you can eventually even fall into a coma.
Symptoms high blood sugar
Too high blood sugar can cause the following complaints:
- very thirsty
- Pee a lot
- tiredness or lethargy
- blurred or double vision
- lose weight while not eating less or differently
- itching, usually around the genitals
- infections that come back often, such as cystitis
- difficult (fast and / or deep) breathing
- throwing up
Do you have one or more of these complaints? Then go to the doctor. It can quickly test whether you have diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes, ninety percent of people with diabetes have this type.
Type 2 diabetes is a stealthy disease: by the time you get the above complaints, you will already have it. Yet there are a few signs that can warn you earlier, says internist and professor of diabetology Hanno Pijl. According to him, you should definitely get checked if you have a (too) large stomach and if you have type 2 diabetes in your immediate family. High blood pressure and high cholesterol also increase the risk of diabetes. The good news: if you get there on time, you can still turn the tide.