Most people automatically think of the nutty, green spread – guacamole – when they think of avocado. Combined with a little lemon juice, every avocado becomes delicious refreshment.
Avocados are pear-like in shape and have a large core inside.
They can be processed quickly – whether cut into small pieces as a snack, pureed as a spread or as an accompaniment to meat dishes.
IMPORTANT: Avocados are always eaten raw, because when they are cooked, excessive amounts of bitter substances are released.
We mainly have two varieties in the supermarket:
- Smooth-green Fuertes – tastes mild
- Wrinkled-dark brown hatred – tastes more aromatic and intense
The avocado is originally from Mexico. Today most of the avocados come from California. But Israel, South Africa and Spain as well as Mexico are also important growing countries.
A ripe avocado can usually not be recognized by the color of the skin, a clear indicator of the ripeness is the consistency of the pulp, which can be carried out with a pressure test:
- If you press lightly on the fruit with your fingers, it should only give slightly and not feel too mushy, and then it is ripe.
- If it still feels hard, the fruit is not yet ripe.
Storage / shelf life
When you buy avocados in the supermarket, they are usually not quite ripe. They have to ripen at home, depending on the degree of ripeness for about 1-2 days at room temperature.
Avocados convince with their slightly nutty and mild taste.
Use in the kitchen
In order to process an avocado, it has to be cut through to the core. Then you take half of the fruit in each hand and twist them against each other so that the core can be released.
Tip: If the avocado is not eaten right away, it should be drizzled with lemon juice so that the flesh does not turn brown.
- Avocados taste best lightly salted or sweetened.
- It is popular as an ingredient in spreads and sauces – just think of the famous guacamole.
- But they also go very well in salads, egg dishes or as an accompaniment to various meat dishes.
- The avocado also goes perfectly with salmon.
- Not to be forgotten, of course, are the healthy green smoothies that you can make with the fruit.
Nutritional value / active ingredients
Avocados are an important supplier of unsaturated fatty acids and should therefore be a regular item on the menu.
- The avocado also contains vitamins A, D, E and K as well as potassium, iron and calcium.
- Avocados contain a lot of linoles and can therefore help eczema sufferers.
- Can help lower cholesterol.
- Avocados also help the body deal with headaches, deal with sore muscles quickly and prevent muscle cramps.
Avocados do have a high percentage of fat, but this does not make you fat. Instead, the few carbohydrates and the high amount of fiber keep the insulin level low and thus prevent food cravings.